Male Infertility FAQ

How common is infertility?
In couples of unknown fertility status (never had children together) approximately 15% will experience infertility problems and are unable to conceive despite a year of unprotected intercourse.

Should both partners get checked?
Yes! In infertile couples, 30% of the time infertility is due to problems in the male partner alone and an additional 20% involve factors in both the male and female partner. This means that infertility involves the male in 50% of cases. Yet this fact is often overlooked and the attention is focused on the female alone. It is therefore important that couples experiencing infertility seek out an evaluation of the male partner in order to understand all correctible factors involved. Furthermore, infertility may be and indication of serious illness in men.

What will the evaluation for male infertility involve?
Dr. Matson will start with a health and reproductive history and physical exam. It is common to then have at least 2 semen analyses done in addition to some basic lab tests.

What are some common causes of male infertility?
Unknown
Varicocele
Blockage of the ejaculatory ducts or vas deferens
Genetic causes
Hormonal causes
Harmful exposures (drugs, radiation)
Sexual dysfunction
Infection
Systemic illness or cancer (rare)

What are some common recommendations to improve male fertility?
Lifestyle changes
Medications
Surgery
Proceeding to IUI or IVF